Pupil premium is funding to improve education outcomes for disadvantaged pupils in schools in England. Evidence shows that disadvantaged children generally face additional challenges in reaching their potential at school and often do not perform as well as other pupils.
The Pupil Premium is allocated to schools for children of statutory school age from either: low-income families who are known to be eligible for free school meals (FSM) in both mainstream and non-mainstream settings, to children who have been looked after continuously for more than six months and to children whose parents are currently serving in the armed forces.
School leaders can decide how to spend their pupil premium funding effectively to raise the attainment of disadvantaged pupils. Evidence suggests that pupil premium spending is most effective when used across 3 areas:
The Education Endowment Foundation (EEF) recommends that schools particularly focus their pupil premium on supporting high-quality teaching. Pupil premium is not a personal budget for individual pupils, and schools are not required to spend all of their allocated grant on eligible pupils (see ‘Non-eligible pupils’)